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Catha edulis (khat) in profile

Celastraceae
B and T World Seeds' reference: 5646

Catha edulis  (khat), Celastraceae.

Common Names:
Arabian Tea, Cafta, Chak, Khat, Khat Tree, Qat

Synonym:
Catha Forsskalii (rich.)

Flower:
WHITE, 5 merous, in 8cm cymes borne from bases of the leaves.

Fruit:
capsule to 8mm.

Foliage:
Shiny, bronze to dark green - oval to elliptical.

Height:
to 7meters in nature

Form:
evergreen shrub to tree

Uses:
Aphrodisiac, Economic

Minimum Temperature:
USDA zone: 10 (-1,00 to 4,50 Centigrade)
The top parts tolerate light frost, but will be cut back by heavier frost. Khat plants will grow back from the roots - unless they are frozen too.

Prices:
Click here for current Catha edulis seed prices and availability

Seed count roughly:
300 per Gram

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Khat (Catha edulis)


Catha edulis (khat) is included in the following

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Khat cultivation:

Try to replicate the conditions of high altitude Ethiopia !
I have had great difficulty growing Khat from seed, however once you have a plant growing it is easy to take cuttings.
Catha edulis is adapted to a wide range of soil conditions (near Harar, where most of the Khat is grown, the soil is said to be neutral to slightly acidic despite being high in calcium and low in nitrogen) - it is suggested that water supply is more important than soil type, particularly in the early growing period.
Catha edulis does not tolerate poor drainage and will not grow well in wet soils.
It will grow in full sun, partial sun, or even shade.
In Ethiopia Khat is not grown from seed, but is vegetatively propagated from 12" suckers or branches near the ground level, and sometimes by cuttings taken from branches (although these do not root so readily).
Plants are set out when the rainy season begins.
The top parts will be cut back by frost but Khat plants will grow back from the roots - unless they are frozen too.

Catha edulis is adapted to a wide range of soil conditions, ranging from light, sandy to heavy black. Water supply, however, seems to be more important than soil type, particularly in the early growing period.
The entire area of Alemaya, Combolcha, Harar and the eastern extremity of the Chercher Highlands is hilly, and erosion is severe, so chat is grown on the hillsides, which are usually terraced, while lower lands are devoted to sorghum, corn, vegetables and grazing.
Granite is the prevailing parent material, along with limestone and sandstone. The soils are red or reddish-brown, neutral to slightly acidic, and high in calcium and low in nitrogen. A good response in plant growth is realised from fertiliser applications. Nitrogen applications increase the vegetative growth of chat, and thus increase the yield.
Chat can be grown in dry areas provided there is irrigation, but it does not tolerate poor drainage and does not do well in wet soils.
Sorghum, corn and sweet potatoes are generally intercropped with chat; this is possible as the chat trees are so spaced that they leave much area between plants. The preparation of the seed bed for intercropping is in a sense a cultivation of the chat field, so the chat benefits.



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