Datura stramonium in profile
Thornapple, Devil's Apple, Devil's Weed, Jamestown Weed, Jimson Weed, Stramonium,
Sacred Datura, Devil's Trumpet, Angel's Trumpet, Apple of Peru, Stinkweed,
Stechapfel, Atlinan, Campana, Concombre-Zombi, Xtohk'kuh, Toloache, Man
t' o lo fa, Wan t'o hua, Nau Yeung fa, El Bethene
All warm and tropical regions throughout the world, in desert and arid
zones as well as in the tropical forest region and mountainous areas.
Tropane alkaloids (hyoscyamine, atropine, scopolamine). The seeds contain
the highest alkaloid concentration in both the Datura and Brugmansia species.
Most frequently the seeds and flowers are used but in some cultures the
roots and leaves are also taken. Preparations include leaves rolled up
into cigarettes, mixing seeds with cannabis and/or tobacco for smoking,
mixing ground seeds with wine or beer, teas made with the leaves and flowers,
cold water extracts of the root, enemas prepared with an infusion made
from the leaves and suppositories made from rolled up leaves.
Hallucinogen, visionary journeys, shape-shifting, divination, clairvoyance,
love magic, aphrodisiac, amulets, incense.
Spasmolytic, anti-asthmatic, anticholinergic, narcotic and anesthetic.
The leaves are smoked as 'asthma cigarettes', steambath are prepared
with the leaves for bad coughs and bronchitis, the juice is boiled and
mixed with hog-lard as an external application for all types of burns,
scalds, inflammations and hemorrhoids, poultices of the leaves are applied
to badly healing wounds, swellings and arthritic or rheumatic pains, as
an antispasmodic to control Parkinson's disease.
Grow in full sun in moisture retentive but well drained fertile and preferably
Propagate by seeds sown in situ in spring (16°C / 61°F)
or earlier under glass and set out after danger of frost has passed.
The foliage is extremely susceptible to viruses affecting other Solanaceous
plants and may act as a host . . .
Daturas are subject to statutory control as weeds in some countries
(notably parts of Australia).
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Datura or Brugmansia
For a long time Brugmansias, were regarded as a subspecies of the genus
Datura. Only relatively recently have Botanists classified Brugmansias
as a separate genus. However, the phytochemistry of Datura and Brugmansia
species and hence their sacred and medicinal uses are very similar indeed.
i.e. plants that have played a significant role in the development of human culture.
See Badianus Manuscript - An Aztec Herbal Of 1552 by Martin de la Cruz
and Juannes Badianus; Emmert , 1940 (Ed.)
Ololuiqui (Turbina corymbosa), a member of the Convolvulaceae, known to
the Atztecs as "the green snake'. It got itself quite a reputation during
the psychedelic revolution of the 60s; most people may be more familiar
with it's relative - Ipomoea tricolor (Morning Glory).
The success of such operations is archeologically evidenced. The bones
of trepanated skulls found at archeological sites in Peru show no signs
a strong hallucinatory brew, usually prepared from Banisteriopsis caapi,
a member of the Malpighiaceae, and Psychotria viridis of the Rubiaceae
family. Sometimes other species of Banisteriopsis and/or Psychotria are
used. Ayahuasca is the most important psychotropic ritual preparation of
the Amazon. Frequently other psychoactive plants are added to the basic
brew. These are termed 'maestros' and are regarded as plant-spirit teachers.
Vamana purana and garuda purana are parts of the Puranas, a series of lesser
epics dating from about the 4th to the 16th centuries A.D.
"Datura and Brugmansia species as Sacred Plants and Medicines"Web presentation designed by Matthew Sleigh
was written by Kay Morgenstern
Bibliography:R..E. Schultes & A. Hoffman, Pflanzen der Götter, Hallwag, Bern 1987.
Bert Marco Schuldes, Psychoaktive Pflanzen, Nachtschatten Verlag (Solothurn)
& MedienXperimente (Lohrbach).
G. & M. Haerkötter, Wterich + Hexenmilch, Giftpflanzen, Eichborn
Verlag, Frankfurt 1991.
G. & M. Haerkötter, Hexenfurz und Teufelsdreck, Eichborn Verlag,
W.D. Storl, Von Heilkrutern und Pflanzengottheiten, Aurum Verlag,
Christian Rätsch, Indianische Heilkruter, Diederichs Verlag, Munich
Christian Rätsch, Lexikon der Zauberpflanzen, Adeva Verlag, Graz 1988.
Christian Rätsch, Von den Wurzeln der Kultur, Sphinx Verlag, Basel
Harold A. Hansen, The Witch's Garden, Weiser Verlag, York Beach 1983.
Virgil J. Vogel, American Indian Medicine, University of Oklahoma Press
M. Grieves, A Modern Herbal, Penguin 1984.
Joseph Campbell, Oriental Mythology, Penguin Books, 1972.
Carlos Castaneda, The Teachings Of Don Juan, Penguin Books 1974.
Doctrine of Signatures
Datura and Brugmansia species as Sacred Plants and Medicines
B and T World Seeds' Ethnobotanical, Environmental and Economic plant catalogues.
Solanaceae seed price list.
Includes Atropa, Brugmansia, Capsicum, Datura etc.