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List 194 - Aceraceae - 11/14/2018


Aceraceae Habit and leaf form. Trees and shrubs; leptocaul. Leaves deciduous; opposite; flat; petiolate; simple, or compound; when compound, ternate (e.g. Acer griseum), or pinnate (e.g. Dipteronia, Acer negundo). Lamina when simple, dissected, or entire; when dissected, pinnatifid, or palmatifid; pinnately veined, or palmately veined. Leaves exstipulate. Lamina margins entire, or crenate, or serrate, or dentate. Vegetative buds scaly (mostly), or not scaly (Acer negundo and relatives). Vernation plicate. Domatia occurring in the family (in many species of Acer); manifested as pits, or pockets, or hair tufts. General anatomy. Plants with laticifers, or without laticifers. The laticifers when present, in stems, or in leaves and in stems (there being elongated secretory cells or cell series in the axial and leaf phloem, occasionally also in the mesophyll, these sometimes but not always containing detectable latex). Leaf anatomy. Abaxial epidermis papillose, or not papillose. Mucilaginous epidermis often present. Stomata mainly confined to one surface; anomocytic. Hairs present; eglandular and glandular; unicellular and multicellular. Unicellular hairs branched and unbranched. Adaxial hypodermis absent. The mesophyll containing calcium oxalate crystals. The mesophyll crystals druses. Main veins vertically transcurrent. Minor leaf veins without phloem transfer cells (Acer). Stem anatomy. Stems with solid internodes. Cork cambium present; initially deep-seated, or superficial (usually). Nodes tri-lacunar. Primary vascular tissue in a cylinder, without separate bundles; centrifugal. Cortical bundles absent. Medullary bundles absent. Internal phloem absent. Secondary thickening developing from a conventional cambial ring. The secondary phloem stratified into hard (fibrous) and soft (parenchymatous) zones, or not stratified. ‘Included’ phloem absent. Xylem with fibre tracheids, or without fibre tracheids; with libriform fibres, or without libriform fibres; with vessels. Vessel end-walls horizontal to oblique; simple. Vessels without vestured pits. Primary medullary rays wide (occasionally), or narrow. Wood ring porous; not storied; parenchyma paratracheal. Sieve-tube plastids S-type. Reproductive type, pollination. Plants andromonoecious, or dioecious, or androdioecious. Gynoecium of male flowers vestigial, or absent. Pollination entomophilous. Inflorescence, floral, fruit and seed morphology. Flowers aggregated in ‘inflorescences’; in fascicles, in racemes, and in corymbs. The terminal inflorescence unit racemose. Inflorescences terminal, or axillary; racemose, corymbose or fasciculate. Flowers regular; 4 merous, or 5 merous; cyclic. Floral receptacle with neither androphore nor gynophore. Free hypanthium absent. Hypogynous disk present, or absent (rarely); of separate members, or annular (annular or lobed, or reduced to teeth, rarely absent). Perianth with distinct calyx and corolla, or sepaline (rarely, the corolla missing); 4–5, or 8–10(–16); 1 whorled, or 2 whorled; isomerous. Calyx 4, or 5(–8); 1 whorled; polysepalous, or gamosepalous. Calyx lobes when gamosepalous, markedly longer than the tube. Degree of gamosepaly (maximum length joined/total calyx length) 0–0.25. Calyx regular; not persistent; imbricate. Corolla when present, 4, or 5, or 8–10 (rarely); 1 whorled; (when present, as is usual) polypetalous; imbricate; green to white; plain. Petals shortly clawed. Androecium (4–)8(–12) (commonly with the two median members suppressed). Androecial members free of the perianth, or adnate (to the corolla); all equal; free of one another; 1 whorled (by suppression of the inner whorl), or 2 whorled. Androecium of male flowers exclusively of fertile stamens. Stamens (4–)8(–10); isomerous with the perianth, or diplostemonous, or triplostemonous. Anthers dorsifixed (slightly), or basifixed; versatile, or non-versatile; dehiscing via longitudinal slits; introrse; tetrasporangiate. Endothecium developing fibrous thickenings. Anther epidermis persistent. Microsporogenesis simultaneous. The initial microspore tetrads tetrahedral, or isobilateral. Anther wall initially with one middle layer, or initially with more than one middle layer. Tapetum glandular. Pollen monosiphonous; shed as single grains. Pollen grains aperturate; mostly 3 aperturate; porate, or colporate; 2-celled. Gynoecium (in female flowers) 2 carpelled. The pistil 2 celled. Gynoecium syncarpous; synovarious to synstylovarious; superior (usually compressed laterally, at right angles to the septum). Ovary 2 locular. Gynoecium median. Ovary sessile. Styles 2; apical. Stigmas 2; dry type; papillate, or non-papillate; Group II type. Placentation axile. Ovules 2 per locule; pendulous; when not orthotropous, apotropous (Engler); with dorsal raphe; collateral, or superposed; non-arillate; orthotropous to anatropous; bitegmic; crassinucellate. Outer integument not contributing to the micropyle. Endothelium not differentiated. Embryo-sac development Polygonum-type. Antipodal cells formed; 3; not proliferating; ephemeral. Synergids at least sometimes hooked. Endosperm formation nuclear. Fruit non-fleshy; a schizocarp. Mericarps 2; samaroid (each conspicuously one-winged, from one side only in Acer, all round in Dipteronia). Dispersal unit the mericarp. Dispersal by wind. Seeds non-endospermic. Embryo well differentiated. Cotyledons 2 (flat or plicate); irregularly folded, or rolled. Embryo chlorophyllous (1/8); curved. The radicle lateral. Polyembryony recorded (in one species). Seedling. Germination phanerocotylar, or cryptocotylar (rarely). Primary root persistent. Physiology, biochemistry. Flavonols present; kaempferol and quercetin, or kaempferol, quercetin, and myricetin. Sugars transported as sucrose, or as oligosaccharides + sucrose, or as sugar alcohols + oligosaccharides + sucrose (but sucrose always predominating). C3. C3 physiology recorded directly in Acer. Geography, cytology. Temperate. North temperate, and tropical mountains. X = 13. Taxonomy. Subclass Dicotyledonae; Crassinucelli. Dahlgren’s Superorder Rutiflorae; Sapindales. Cronquist’s Subclass Rosidae; Sapindales. APG (1998) Eudicot; core Eudicot; Rosid; Eurosid II; Sapindales (as a synonym of Sapindaceae). Species about 200. Genera 2; Acer (including Negundo), Dipteronia. Economic uses, etc. Commercial sources of maple sugar, timbers and numerous ornamentals notable for coloured autumn foliage.

Plant name 'Variety' (Synonym)	reference no.	Price-Codes	sub-catalogues
Acer buergerianum d.w.	132	 1g4 2g17 10g10 25g24 28g25 100g36 113g67 250g119 454g132 500g133 1000g258 1p4
Acer buergerianum small leaved form	500395	 28g29 113g79 454g154
Acer campestre d.w.	133	 1g4 2g17 10g6 20g9 25g23 100g13 113g35 250g43 454g72 500g35 1000g70 5000g254 250
Acer campestre d.w. prov. UK	448738	 10g6 100g24 500g74 1000g145
Acer campestre stratified seed prov. UK	74445	 1000g168
Acer campestre wings	73787	 10g10 100g17 1000g95
Acer carpinifolium	34221	 1g18
Acer caudatifolium	403938	 5g44
Acer circinatum d.w.	136	 28g62 113g172 454g326
Acer circinatum wings	458928	 25g28 250g160
Acer coriaceifolium d.w.	39925	 5g7 25g18 100g60 250g120 1p4
Acer davidii d.w.	137	 2g17 25g23 28g25 113g67 250g120 454g132
Acer davidii ssp. grosseri d.w.	142	 2g17 25g26 28g26 113g72 250g147 454g140
Acer diabolicum	3902	 5g18
Acer elegantulum d.w.	73788	 25g23 28g24 113g64 250g120 454g126
Acer fabri	75562	 10g22 250g225
Acer glabrum d.w.	28829	 25g18 28g27 113g73 250g76 454g142
Acer grandidentatum d.w.	500411	 25g23 28g32 113g87 250g113 454g169
Acer griseum d.w.	141	 1g6 2g17 10g10 25g45 28g33 100g60 113g90 250g184 454g174 500g396 1000g780 1p6
Acer grosseri d.w.	433714	 25g26 28g24 113g64 454g126
Acer henryi d.w.	34628	 25g28 250g133
Acer japonicum d.w.	143	 5g55 28g63 113g175 454g330
Acer longipes d.w.	82401	 25g28 250g133
Acer macrophyllum d.w.	145	 10g9 25g16 28g17 100g46 113g45 250g65 454g91 500g146 1000g280
Acer mandschuricum d.w.	73899	 10g17 28g30 113g82 250g199 454g158
Acer maximowiczianum d.w.	462363	 5g10 28g66 113g181 454g343 1p4
Acer mono d.w.	34601	 25g23 28g24 113g64 250g120 454g125
Acer monspessulanum d.w.	5569	 1g5 10g8 25g25 100g41 250g120 500g128 1000g246 5000g1050 1p5
Acer negundo d.w.	146	 2g17 20g10 25g18 28g15 100g19 113g35 250g57 454g73 500g46 1000g80 5000g250
Acer oblongum	34858	 25g25 250g107 1000g100 1000s65
Acer oliverianum d.w.	51818	 25g28 28g31 113g86 250g147 454g166
Acer opalus	73900	 25g28 100g41 250g145 500g137 1000g260 5000g1112
Acer opalus Granatensis	453669	 10g27 250g304
Acer palmatum	461585	 2g17 25g28 1000g576
Acer palmatum Atropurpureum d.w. dry seed	148	 10g20 100g112 113g158 454g301 500g433 1000g760 1p4
Acer palmatum Beni Otake	551742	 5g34
Acer palmatum Osakazuki	72461	 5g18
Acer palmatum Waterfall	551749	 5g29
Acer palmatum large seed d.w.	122	 10g17 28g36 100g92 113g101 250g173 454g194 500g349 1000g695 10s10
Acer palmatum large seed prov. USA	461587	 10g22 100g95 500g369 1000g725
Acer palmatum mixed varieties and cultivars	451890	 1p12
Acer palmatum small seed d.w.	72450	 10g22 28g43 113g119 250g238 454g228
Acer palmatum small seed d.w. prov. USA/China	458930	 10g23 28g45 100g106 113g127 454g240 500g408 1000g843
Acer palmatum stratified seed	46557	 10g25 100g119 500g458 1000g906
Acer palmatum v matsumurae	70414	 5g39
Acer palmatum v. dissectum Atropurpureum Group d.w.	149	 10g10 100g85 250g544 454g350 1p4 100s12 1000s100
Acer palmatum v. dissectum Dissectum Viride Group dry	2498	 10g29 28g77 100g139 113g215 500g533 1000g1056
Acer palmatum v. dissectum d.w.	462364	 28g63 113g176 454g333
Acer pectinatum ssp maximowiczii	82835	 5g39
Acer pensylvanicum d.w.	458931	 25g28 28g27 113g74 250g133 454g144
Acer pentaphyllum	431224	 5g26
Acer pictum dewinged	500438	 28g25 113g60 454g103 1p4
Acer platanoides d.w.	73906	 2g17 25g23 250g42 500g48 1000g83 5000g268 25000g978
Acer platanoides prov. UK	448739	 100g20 500g66 1000g118
Acer platanoides stratified seed	82837	 500g68 1000g128
Acer pseudoplatanus Atropurpureus wings	155	 25g27 250g147
Acer pseudoplatanus d.w.	448740	 2g17 25g26 100g21 250g50 500g71 1000g133 5000g1409
Acer pseudoplatanus stratified seed	71295	 1000g118
Acer pseudoplatanus wings	400151	 100g14 500g36 1000g61
Acer pseudosieboldianum d.w.	34602	 2g7 113g78 454g152 1p4
Acer rubrum Upright ww	407951	 28g22 113g59 454g116
Acer rubrum d.w.	72452	 2g17 10g13 25g34 100g61 250g173 500g227 1000g443
Acer rubrum northern prov. d.w.	46559	 28g24 113g65 454g127
Acer rubrum northern prov. wings	46560	 28g20 113g52 454g105
Acer rufinerve d.w.	157	 1g4 10g10 100g36 250g251 500g408 1000g806 1p4
Acer saccharinum ww	158	 25g20 250g107
Acer saccharum northern prov. d.w.	159	 28g18 113g48 454g96
Acer saccharum northern prov. w.w.	73907	 113g34 454g71 1p10
Acer saccharum southern prov. d.w.	73908	 2g17 10g10 25g45 28g16 100g46 113g43 454g87 500g171 1000g330
Acer saccharum ssp leucoderme	431231	 454g340
Acer shirasawanum Palmatifolium	73910	 5g23
Acer shirasawanum d.w.	431229	 28g55 113g154 454g292
Acer sieboldianum Sode-no-uchi	16	 28g55 113g154 454g290
Acer sinense	39930	 10g24 250g212
Acer spicatum d.w.	46558	 25g24 28g21 113g54 250g123 454g110
Acer stachyophyllum	75564	 5g31
Acer tataricum d.w.	17	 25g18 28g15 113g37 250g50 454g76
Acer tataricum ssp ginnala Flame d.w.	82821	 28g27 113g74 454g145 1p12
Acer tataricum ssp semenovii	34627	 5g29
Acer tataricum ssp. ginnala d.w.	138	 10g11 25g18 28g15 100g49 113g41 250g85 454g83 500g183 1000g356 1p9
Acer tegmentosum d.w.	171	 10g19 28g26 113g72 250g186 454g140
Acer triflorum d.w.	24981	 25g23 28g29 113g77 250g120 454g149
Acer truncatum d.w.	24571	 25g20 28g30 113g81 250g94 454g157
Acer truncatum southern prov. d.w.	448812	 28g33 113g81 454g157
Dipteronia sinensis	82541	 5g18

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