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List 194 - Aceraceae - 6/16/2021


Aceraceae Habit and leaf form. Trees and shrubs; leptocaul. Leaves deciduous; opposite; flat; petiolate; simple, or compound; when compound, ternate (e.g. Acer griseum), or pinnate (e.g. Dipteronia, Acer negundo). Lamina when simple, dissected, or entire; when dissected, pinnatifid, or palmatifid; pinnately veined, or palmately veined. Leaves exstipulate. Lamina margins entire, or crenate, or serrate, or dentate. Vegetative buds scaly (mostly), or not scaly (Acer negundo and relatives). Vernation plicate. Domatia occurring in the family (in many species of Acer); manifested as pits, or pockets, or hair tufts. General anatomy. Plants with laticifers, or without laticifers. The laticifers when present, in stems, or in leaves and in stems (there being elongated secretory cells or cell series in the axial and leaf phloem, occasionally also in the mesophyll, these sometimes but not always containing detectable latex). Leaf anatomy. Abaxial epidermis papillose, or not papillose. Mucilaginous epidermis often present. Stomata mainly confined to one surface; anomocytic. Hairs present; eglandular and glandular; unicellular and multicellular. Unicellular hairs branched and unbranched. Adaxial hypodermis absent. The mesophyll containing calcium oxalate crystals. The mesophyll crystals druses. Main veins vertically transcurrent. Minor leaf veins without phloem transfer cells (Acer). Stem anatomy. Stems with solid internodes. Cork cambium present; initially deep-seated, or superficial (usually). Nodes tri-lacunar. Primary vascular tissue in a cylinder, without separate bundles; centrifugal. Cortical bundles absent. Medullary bundles absent. Internal phloem absent. Secondary thickening developing from a conventional cambial ring. The secondary phloem stratified into hard (fibrous) and soft (parenchymatous) zones, or not stratified. ‘Included’ phloem absent. Xylem with fibre tracheids, or without fibre tracheids; with libriform fibres, or without libriform fibres; with vessels. Vessel end-walls horizontal to oblique; simple. Vessels without vestured pits. Primary medullary rays wide (occasionally), or narrow. Wood ring porous; not storied; parenchyma paratracheal. Sieve-tube plastids S-type. Reproductive type, pollination. Plants andromonoecious, or dioecious, or androdioecious. Gynoecium of male flowers vestigial, or absent. Pollination entomophilous. Inflorescence, floral, fruit and seed morphology. Flowers aggregated in ‘inflorescences’; in fascicles, in racemes, and in corymbs. The terminal inflorescence unit racemose. Inflorescences terminal, or axillary; racemose, corymbose or fasciculate. Flowers regular; 4 merous, or 5 merous; cyclic. Floral receptacle with neither androphore nor gynophore. Free hypanthium absent. Hypogynous disk present, or absent (rarely); of separate members, or annular (annular or lobed, or reduced to teeth, rarely absent). Perianth with distinct calyx and corolla, or sepaline (rarely, the corolla missing); 4–5, or 8–10(–16); 1 whorled, or 2 whorled; isomerous. Calyx 4, or 5(–8); 1 whorled; polysepalous, or gamosepalous. Calyx lobes when gamosepalous, markedly longer than the tube. Degree of gamosepaly (maximum length joined/total calyx length) 0–0.25. Calyx regular; not persistent; imbricate. Corolla when present, 4, or 5, or 8–10 (rarely); 1 whorled; (when present, as is usual) polypetalous; imbricate; green to white; plain. Petals shortly clawed. Androecium (4–)8(–12) (commonly with the two median members suppressed). Androecial members free of the perianth, or adnate (to the corolla); all equal; free of one another; 1 whorled (by suppression of the inner whorl), or 2 whorled. Androecium of male flowers exclusively of fertile stamens. Stamens (4–)8(–10); isomerous with the perianth, or diplostemonous, or triplostemonous. Anthers dorsifixed (slightly), or basifixed; versatile, or non-versatile; dehiscing via longitudinal slits; introrse; tetrasporangiate. Endothecium developing fibrous thickenings. Anther epidermis persistent. Microsporogenesis simultaneous. The initial microspore tetrads tetrahedral, or isobilateral. Anther wall initially with one middle layer, or initially with more than one middle layer. Tapetum glandular. Pollen monosiphonous; shed as single grains. Pollen grains aperturate; mostly 3 aperturate; porate, or colporate; 2-celled. Gynoecium (in female flowers) 2 carpelled. The pistil 2 celled. Gynoecium syncarpous; synovarious to synstylovarious; superior (usually compressed laterally, at right angles to the septum). Ovary 2 locular. Gynoecium median. Ovary sessile. Styles 2; apical. Stigmas 2; dry type; papillate, or non-papillate; Group II type. Placentation axile. Ovules 2 per locule; pendulous; when not orthotropous, apotropous (Engler); with dorsal raphe; collateral, or superposed; non-arillate; orthotropous to anatropous; bitegmic; crassinucellate. Outer integument not contributing to the micropyle. Endothelium not differentiated. Embryo-sac development Polygonum-type. Antipodal cells formed; 3; not proliferating; ephemeral. Synergids at least sometimes hooked. Endosperm formation nuclear. Fruit non-fleshy; a schizocarp. Mericarps 2; samaroid (each conspicuously one-winged, from one side only in Acer, all round in Dipteronia). Dispersal unit the mericarp. Dispersal by wind. Seeds non-endospermic. Embryo well differentiated. Cotyledons 2 (flat or plicate); irregularly folded, or rolled. Embryo chlorophyllous (1/8); curved. The radicle lateral. Polyembryony recorded (in one species). Seedling. Germination phanerocotylar, or cryptocotylar (rarely). Primary root persistent. Physiology, biochemistry. Flavonols present; kaempferol and quercetin, or kaempferol, quercetin, and myricetin. Sugars transported as sucrose, or as oligosaccharides + sucrose, or as sugar alcohols + oligosaccharides + sucrose (but sucrose always predominating). C3. C3 physiology recorded directly in Acer. Geography, cytology. Temperate. North temperate, and tropical mountains. X = 13. Taxonomy. Subclass Dicotyledonae; Crassinucelli. Dahlgren’s Superorder Rutiflorae; Sapindales. Cronquist’s Subclass Rosidae; Sapindales. APG (1998) Eudicot; core Eudicot; Rosid; Eurosid II; Sapindales (as a synonym of Sapindaceae). Species about 200. Genera 2; Acer (including Negundo), Dipteronia. Economic uses, etc. Commercial sources of maple sugar, timbers and numerous ornamentals notable for coloured autumn foliage.

Plant name 'Variety' (Synonym)	reference no.	Price-Codes	sub-catalogues
Acer buergerianum d.w.	132	 1g6 10g13 25g24 28g23 100g38 113g63 250g119 454g123 500g138 1000g263 1p6
Acer buergerianum small leaved form	500395	 28g27 113g73 454g143
Acer campestre d.w.	133	 1g6 10g9 25g22 28g16 100g14 113g29 250g43 454g69 500g40 1000g75 5000g254 25000g9
Acer campestre d.w. prov. UK	448738	 10g6 100g24 500g74 1000g145
Acer campestre stratified seed	74446	 100g16 500g50 1000g89
Acer campestre stratified seed prov. UK	74445	 100g26 500g89 1000g165
Acer campestre wings	73787	 10g9 100g20 1000g127
Acer carpinifolium	34221	 1g18
Acer caudatifolium	403938	 5g44
Acer circinatum d.w.	136	 28g56 113g157 454g298
Acer circinatum wings	458928	 25g28 250g160
Acer cissifolium	72467	 10s10
Acer coriaceifolium d.w.	39925	 25g33 28g28 113g76 250g173 454g147 1p4
Acer davidii d.w.	137	 25g23 28g23 113g64 250g120 454g123 1p16
Acer davidii ssp. grosseri d.w.	142	 25g25 28g24 113g67 250g147 454g131 1p16
Acer diabolicum	3902	 5g18
Acer elegantulum d.w.	73788	 25g23 28g22 113g60 250g120 454g118
Acer fabri	75562	 10g22 250g225
Acer freemanii	500409	 28g16 113g41 454g93
Acer glabrum d.w.	28829	 25g18 28g26 113g72 250g76 454g135
Acer grandidentatum d.w.	500411	 25g23 28g30 113g81 250g113 454g157
Acer griseum d.w.	141	 1g8 10g13 25g43 28g30 100g73 113g83 250g184 454g161 500g407 1000g814 1p8 12s10 1
Acer grosseri d.w.	433714	 25g26 28g23 113g60 454g118
Acer henryi d.w.	34628	 25g28 250g133
Acer japonicum d.w.	143	 5g55 28g57 113g159 454g302
Acer laurinum	500422	 100s28 1000s104
Acer longipes d.w.	82401	 25g28 28g27 113g73 250g133 454g143
Acer macrophyllum d.w.	145	 10g10 25g16 28g16 100g39 113g42 250g65 454g86 500g139 1000g275
Acer macrophyllum wings	82440	 500g387 1000g763
Acer mandschuricum d.w.	73899	 10g17 28g28 113g76 250g199 454g147
Acer maximowiczianum d.w.	462363	 28g61 113g166 454g314 1p4
Acer mono d.w.	34601	 25g23 28g22 113g59 250g120 454g117
Acer monspessulanum d.w.	5569	 1g8 10g12 25g25 100g41 250g120 500g128 1000g246 5000g1050 1p8
Acer negundo d.w.	146	 20g10 25g18 28g14 100g19 113g34 250g57 454g70 500g46 1000g80 5000g250 1p16 100s1
Acer oblongum	34858	 25g25 250g107 1000g100 1000s65
Acer oliverianum d.w.	51818	 25g28 28g29 113g79 250g147 454g154
Acer opalus	73900	 25g28 100g41 250g145 500g137 1000g260 5000g1112
Acer opalus Granatensis	453669	 10g27 250g304
Acer palmatum	461585	 25g26 1000g540 1p10
Acer palmatum Atropurpureum d.w. dry seed	148	 10g25 25g29 28g52 100g118 113g145 454g276 500g460 1000g711 4540g6423 1p11
Acer palmatum Beni Otake	551742	 5g34
Acer palmatum Bloodgood	457609	 5g63
Acer palmatum Osakazuki	72461	 5g18
Acer palmatum Waterfall	551749	 5g29
Acer palmatum large seed d.w.	122	 10g17 28g34 100g92 113g93 250g173 454g180 500g349 1000g695 10s10
Acer palmatum mixed varieties and cultivars	451890	 1p11
Acer palmatum small seed d.w.	72450	 10g22 28g40 113g109 250g238 454g210
Acer palmatum small seed d.w. prov. USA-China	458930	 10g23 28g42 100g106 113g116 454g221 500g408 1000g843
Acer palmatum ssp. palmatum small leaved form	72459	 28g60 113g138 454g323 4540g2990
Acer palmatum stratified seed	46557	 10g25 28g54 100g119 113g123 454g290 500g458 1000g906 4540g2626
Acer palmatum v. dissectum Atropurpureum Group d.w.	149	 10g44 28g60 113g169 250g544 454g320 1p8
Acer palmatum v. dissectum Dissectum Viride Group dry	2498	 10g29 28g70 100g139 113g196 500g533 1000g1056 1p8
Acer palmatum v. dissectum d.w.	462364	 28g58 113g161 454g305 1p8
Acer palmatum v. matsumurae	70414	 5g39
Acer pectinatum ssp maximowiczii	82835	 5g39
Acer pensylvanicum d.w.	458931	 25g28 28g26 113g69 250g133 454g135 1p8
Acer pentaphyllum	431224	 5g26
Acer pictum dewinged	500438	 28g22 113g59 454g117 1p4
Acer platanoides Import ww	464317	 100g16 500g52 1000g94
Acer platanoides UK stratified seed	82837	 100g21 500g72 1000g133
Acer platanoides d.w.	73906	 25g29 250g42 500g48 1000g83 5000g268 25000g978 1p16
Acer platanoides prov. UK	448739	 20g10 100g21 500g72 1000g133
Acer platanoides stratified seed	153	 100g20 500g67 1000g123
Acer pseudoplatamus UK Select Stand stratified seed	431237	 100g45 500g167 1000g324
Acer pseudoplatanus Atropurpureus wings	155	 25g27 250g147
Acer pseudoplatanus UK stratified seed	71295	 100g22 500g77 1000g140
Acer pseudoplatanus UK stratified seed ww	464310	 100g22 500g77 1000g140
Acer pseudoplatanus UK ww	464309	 20g9 100g21 500g69 1000g128
Acer pseudoplatanus d.w.	448740	 25g25 100g22 250g50 500g77 1000g142 5000g1409 1p16
Acer pseudoplatanus stratified seed	76901	 100g18 500g57 1000g104
Acer pseudoplatanus ww	400151	 100g14 500g42 1000g74
Acer pseudosieboldianum d.w.	34602	 10g19 28g27 113g73 250g199 454g142 1p4
Acer rubrum d.w.	72452	 10g13 25g32 28g39 100g61 113g89 250g173 454g205 500g227 1000g443 4540g1775 1p16
Acer rubrum northern prov. d.w.	46559	 28g23 113g60 454g119
Acer rubrum northern prov. wings	46560	 28g18 113g46 454g93
Acer rufinerve d.w.	157	 1g6 10g14 100g47 250g251 500g408 1000g806 1p8
Acer saccharinum ww	158	 10g14 25g20 100g62 113g28 250g107 454g60 500g233 1000g456
Acer saccharum northern prov. d.w.	159	 28g18 113g47 454g94
Acer saccharum northern prov. w.w.	73907	 113g33 454g69 1p9
Acer saccharum southern prov. d.w.	73908	 10g12 25g43 28g16 100g436 113g41 454g83 500g188 1000g373 1p16 100s24
Acer saccharum ssp. leucoderme	431231	 454g340
Acer saccharum ssp. nigrum	31824	 10g19 250g199
Acer shirasawanum Palmatifolium	73910	 5g23
Acer sieboldianum Sode-no-uchi	16	 28g51 113g141 454g266
Acer sinense	39930	 10g24 250g212
Acer species - vars. mixed	433828	 1p11
Acer spicatum d.w.	46558	 25g24 28g20 113g51 250g123 454g103
Acer stachyophyllum	75564	 5g31
Acer tataricum d.w.	17	 25g18 28g14 113g35 250g50 454g73
Acer tataricum ssp. ginnala d.w.	138	 10g11 25g18 28g15 100g49 113g39 250g85 454g79 500g183 1000g356 1p8
Acer tataricum ssp. semenovii	34627	 5g29
Acer tegmentosum d.w.	171	 10g19 28g24 113g67 250g186 454g131
Acer triflorum d.w.	24981	 25g23 28g27 113g71 250g120 454g139
Acer truncatum d.w.	24571	 25g20 28g28 113g75 250g94 454g147
Acer truncatum southern prov. d.w.	448812	 28g28 113g75 454g147
Dipteronia sinensis	82541	 5g18

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