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Acanthaceae


Including plants for which we do not have seed sources
(some unavailable plants do not produce viable seed that comes true)

Click here for the currently available Acanthaceae: species for which we have prices.

Acanthaceae Photos
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Some species have photographs and germination instructions, as well as general information.

Acanthaceae (Justiciaceae, Thomandersiaceae) Mostly herbaceous perennials, some aquatics, climbers, shrubs, trees, and epiphytes. Leaves are opposite (decussate) exstipulate and sometimes spiny. Cystoliths very commonly present (showing as streaks in the lamina). Reproductive type, pollination. Plants hermaphrodite. Inflorescence, floral, fruit and seed morphology. Inflorescences commonly dichasial cymes, becoming monochasial in the ultimate branches, and frequently condensed in the leaf axils. Flowers tetracyclic. Corolla imbricate (ascending cochlear or quincuncial), or contorted (left or right), or with open aestivation (only in Acanthus?); bilabiate, or unequal but not bilabiate (the upper lip sometimes suppressed). Fruit non-fleshy; dehiscent; a capsule. Capsules loculicidal. Fruit elastically dehiscent. Dispersal unit the seed. Seeds non-endospermic. Peculiar feature. The seeds on elongated, indurated, hook-shaped funicles (‘retinacula’). Geography, cytology. Holarctic, Paleotropical, Neotropical, Cape, and Australian. Temperate to tropical (mainly tropical). Centred on Indomalaysia, Africa, Brazil and central America. Taxonomy. Subclass Dicotyledonae; Tenuinucelli. Dahlgren’s Superorder Lamiiflorae; Scrophulariales. Cronquist’s Subclass Asteridae; Scrophulariales. APG (1998) Eudicot; core Eudicot; Asterid; Euasterid I; Lamiales. Economic uses, etc. A few cultivated ornamentals: Acanthus, Aphelandra, Fittonia, Beloperone, Justicia, etc.


Acanthopsis hoffmanseggianum

Acanthus dioscoridis v perringii

Acanthus edulis

Acanthus eminens

Acanthus hirsutus

Acanthus hungaricus

Acanthus ilicifolius

Acanthus mollis

Acanthus mollis Albus

Acanthus mollis Fielding Gold

Acanthus polystachyus

Acanthus pubescens

Acanthus spinosus

Acanthus syriacus

Adelaster albivenis

Adhatoda carthagenensis

Adhatoda cydoniifolia

Adhatoda duvernoia

Adhatoda tweediana

Andrographis echioides

Andrographis paniculata

Anisacanthus linearis

Anisacanthus puberulus

Anisacanthus quadrifidus

Anisacanthus thurberi

Anisacanthus virgularis

Anisacanthus wrightii

Aphelandra aurantiaca

Aphelandra flava

Aphelandra fuscopunctata

Aphelandra incerta

Aphelandra pulcherrima

Aphelandra sinclairiana

Aphelandra squarrosa

Aphelandra tetragona

Asteracantha longifolia

Asystasia gangetica

Asystasia intrusa

Asystasia vogeliana

Averia javanica

Avicennia alba

Avicennia germinans

Avicennia marina

Avicennia officinalis

Barleria alata

Barleria albostellata

Barleria auriculata

Barleria crassa

Barleria cristata

Barleria delagoensis

Barleria elegans

Barleria galpinii

Barleria gueinzii

Barleria lancifolia

Barleria longifolia

Barleria lupulina

Barleria matopensis

Barleria obtusa

Barleria opaca

Barleria ovata

Barleria pretoriensis

Barleria prionitis

Barleria pyramidata

Barleria repens

Barleria repens Rosea

Barleria rotundifolia

Barleria saxatilis

Barleria senensis

Barleria sp. garden selection

Barleria sp. unident. 2

Barleria sp. unident.1

Barleria strigosa

Beloperone amherstiae

Beloperone comosa

Beloperone plumbaginifolia

Blechum brownei

Blechum pyramidatum

Blepharis attentuata

Blepharis bainesii

Blepharis buchneri

Blepharis ciliaris

Blepharis edulis

Blepharis exigua

Blepharis javanica

Blepharis maderaspatensis

Blepharis persica

Blepharis procumbens

Blepharis tenuiramea

Brillantaisia sp unident

Carvia callosa

Chaetacanthus setiger

Chamaeranthemum beyrichii

Chamaeranthemum gaudichaudii

Chamaeranthemum venosum

Crabbea angustifolia

Crabbea velutina

Crossandra flava

Crossandra greenstockii

Crossandra infundibuliformis

Crossandra nilotica

Crossandra puberula

Crossandra pungens

Crossandra spinescens

Cryphiacanthus angustifolius

Cyrtanthera pohliana

Dianthera crassifolia

Dianthera paniculata

Dicliptera bupleuroides

Dicliptera chinensis

Dicliptera roxburghiana

Dicliptera suberecta

Dipteracanthus prostratus

Dipteracanthus squarrosus

Drejera puberula

Drejera wrightii

Duvernoia aconitiflora

Duvernoia adhatodoides

Dyschoriste fischeri

Dyschoriste oblongifolia

Dyschoriste rogersii

Ecbolium ligustrinum

Echinacanthus sp

Elytraria imbricata

Elytraria tridentata

Eranthemum beyrichii

Eranthemum cinnabarinum

Eranthemum indicum

Eranthemum nigrum

Eranthemum pulchellum (Daedalacanthus nervosus)

Eranthemum purpurascens

Eranthemum roseum

Eranthemum wattii

Fittonia albivenis

Fittonia argyroneura

Fittonia verschaffeltii

Flemingia chappar

Flemingia congesta

Flemingia faginea

Flemingia grahamiana

Flemingia lineata

Flemingia macrophylla

Flemingia philippinensis

Flemingia procumbens

Flemingia prostrata

Flemingia rhodocarpa

Flemingia semialata

Flemingia strobilifera

Flemingia vestita

Goldfussia cusia

Graptophyllum hortense

Graptophyllum pictum

Gymnostachyum ceylanicum

Gymnostachyum verschaffeltii

Haplanthodes tentaculatus

Haplanthus tentaculatus

Hemigraphis alternata

Hemigraphis angustifolia

Hemigraphis bicolor

Hemigraphis repanda

Hemigraphis reptans

Hygrophila angustifolia

Hygrophila auriculata

Hygrophila brasiliensis

Hygrophila costata

Hygrophila difformis

Hygrophila guianensis

Hygrophila lacustris

Hygrophila polysperma

Hygrophila salicifolia

Hypoestes aristata

Hypoestes aristata white form

Hypoestes maculosa

Hypoestes phyllostachya Confetti Mixed

Hypoestes phyllostachya Confetti Red

Hypoestes phyllostachya Confetti Rose - Pink Polka

Hypoestes phyllostachya Confetti White

Hypoestes phyllostachya Confetti Wine Red

Hypoestes phyllostachya Pink Splash Improved

Hypoestes phyllostachya Red Splash Improved

Hypoestes phyllostachya Rose Splash Improved

Hypoestes phyllostachya White Splash Improved

Indoneesiella echioides

Isoglossa grantii

Jacobinia coccinea

Justicia adhatoda

Justicia adhatodoides

Justicia Alba

Justicia androsaemifolia

Justicia aurea

Justicia betonica

Justicia brandegeana

Justicia brandegeana Variegata

Justicia brasiliana

Justicia brunelloides

Justicia californica

Justicia callistachya

Justicia campestris

Justicia campylostemon

Justicia candicans

Justicia canescens

Justicia capensis

Justicia carnea

Justicia carnea Alba

Justicia carthagenensis

Justicia chinensis

Justicia coccinea

Justicia cooleyi

Justicia crassifolia

Justicia cydoniifolia

Justicia depauperata

Justicia duvernoia

Justicia echioides

Justicia flava

Justicia fulvicoma

Justicia genistifolia

Justicia hirsuta

Justicia imbricata

Justicia infundibuliformis

Justicia insularis

Justicia kotschyi

Justicia lorentziana

Justicia nasuta

Justicia nervosa

Justicia nitida

Justicia odora

Justicia orchioides

Justicia paupercola

Justicia pectinata

Justicia pectoralis

Justicia pectoralis prov. Puerto Rico

Justicia pectoralis Puerto Rico

Justicia pectoralis Tilo

Justicia pectoralis v. stenophylla

Justicia Penrosiensis

Justicia petiolaris

Justicia petiolaris ssp. bowiei

Justicia plumbaginifolia

Justicia polysperma

Justicia procumbens

Justicia quadrifida

Justicia quinqueangularis

Justicia repens

Justicia rizzinii

Justicia rosea

Justicia secunda

Justicia spicata

Justicia spicigera

Justicia tetragona

Justicia thyrsiflora

Justicia tinctoria

Justicia tubaeformis

Justicia tweediana

Justicia ventricosa

Lepidagathis alopecuroidea

Lepidagathis cristata

Lepidagathis trinervis

Leucorhaphis lamium

Mackaya bella

Megakepasma erythrochlamys

Megaskepasma erythrochlamys

Mendoncia sp. unident.

Metarungia galpinii

Metarungia longistrobus

Micranthus alopecuroides

Micranthus plantagineus

Micranthus tubulosus

Monechma depauperatum

Monechma genistifolium

Nelsonia brunelloides

Nelsonia canescens

Odontonema callistachyum

Odontonema cuspidatum

Odontonema nitidum

Odontonema schomburgkianum

Odontonema strictum

Odontonema tubaeforme

Pachystachys coccinea

Pachystachys lutea

Pachystachys riedeliana

Pachystachys spicata

Pattersonia caroliniensis

Peristrophe cernua

Peristrophe paniculata

Peristrophe roxburghiana

Peristrophe speciosa

Peristrophe tinctoria

Petalidium canescens

Phlogacanthus pubinervius

Phlogacanthus thyrsiflorus

Pinus clausa Choctawatchee

Pinus clausa v. immuginata

Porphyrocoma pohliana

Pseuderanthemum alatum

Pseuderanthemum Amethyst Stars

Pseuderanthemum bicolor

Pseuderanthemum carruthersii

Pseuderanthemum reticulatum Eldorado

Pseuderanthemum seticalyx

Pseuderanthemum tunicatum

Rhinacanthus gracilis

Rhinacanthus nasutus

Rhinacanthus xerophilus

Rhytiglossa androsaemifolia

Ruellia affinis

Ruellia alopecuroidea

Ruellia anisophylla

Ruellia antipoda

Ruellia blumei

Ruellia brasiliensis

Ruellia brevifolia

Ruellia brittoniana

Ruellia cernua

Ruellia ciliaris

Ruellia ciliata v. depressa

Ruellia ciliosa

Ruellia ciliosa Pursh

Ruellia coerulea

Ruellia colorata

Ruellia devosiana

Ruellia difformis

Ruellia dulcis

Ruellia elegans

Ruellia graecizans

Ruellia humilis

Ruellia intrusa

Ruellia lacustris

Ruellia lorentziana

Ruellia macrantha

Ruellia macrophylla

Ruellia makoyana

Ruellia oblongifolia

Ruellia patula

Ruellia persica

Ruellia repanda

Ruellia rosea

Ruellia salicifolia

Ruellia simplex

Ruellia spectabilis

Ruellia squarrosa

Ruellia strepens

Ruellia tetragona

Ruellia tuberosa

Ruellia tweediana

Ruellia zeylanica

Rungia klossii

Rungia pectinata

Rungia repens

Ruspolia hypocrateriformis

Ruttya fruticosa

Ruttya ovata

Sanchezia nobilis

Sanchezia parvibracteata

Sanchezia speciosa

Sceura marina

Schwabea ciliaris

Sciaphyllum amoemum

Sclerochiton caerulea

Sclerochiton harveyanus

Scytanthus currorii

Siphoneranthemum beyrichii

Stenandrium tuberosum

Streblacanthus amoenus

Strobilanthes anis

Strobilanthes anisophylla

Strobilanthes atropurpurea

Strobilanthes attenuata

Strobilanthes callosus

Strobilanthes cusia

Strobilanthes dyerianus

Strobilanthes echinata

Strobilanthes flaccidifolia

Strobilanthes forrestii

Strobilanthes glomerata

Strobilanthes isophyllus

Strobilanthes lactata

Strobilanthes pectinata

Strobilanthes penstemoides v dalhousiana

Strobilanthes versicolor

Strobilanthes violacea

Synandra hispidula

Talbotia elegans

Teliostachya alopecuroidea

Thunbergia alata

Thunbergia alata African Sunset Mixed

Thunbergia alata Alba

Thunbergia alata Alba Oculata

Thunbergia alata Amber Eyes

Thunbergia alata Aurantiaca

Thunbergia alata Aurantiaca Oculata

Thunbergia alata Aurea

Thunbergia alata Aurea Oculata

Thunbergia alata Blushing Susie

Thunbergia alata cream and black form RSA

Thunbergia alata f1 Blushing Susie

Thunbergia alata Golden Eyes

Thunbergia alata mixed formula

Thunbergia alata mixed o. p.

Thunbergia alata Orange Wonder

Thunbergia alata Spanish Eyes

Thunbergia alata Sunrise Mixed formula

Thunbergia alata Sunrise Orange

Thunbergia alata Sunrise Orange with Eye

Thunbergia alata Sunrise White

Thunbergia alata Sunrise White with Eye

Thunbergia alata Sunrise Yellow

Thunbergia alata Sunrise Yellow with Eye

Thunbergia alata Superstar Orange

Thunbergia battiscombei

Thunbergia capensis

Thunbergia coccinea

Thunbergia cordata

Thunbergia dregeana

Thunbergia elegans

Thunbergia erecta

Thunbergia erecta Alba

Thunbergia fragrans

Thunbergia grandiflora

Thunbergia grandiflora Alba

Thunbergia grandiflora red

Thunbergia grandiflora yellow

Thunbergia gregorii

Thunbergia ikbaliana

Thunbergia kirkii

Thunbergia lancifolia

Thunbergia laurifolia

Thunbergia lutea

Thunbergia mysorensis

Thunbergia natalensis

Thunbergia pondoensis

Thunbergia sp. unident.

Thunbergia vogeliana

Thunbergia White Jamaica

Thunbergia wightiana

Thyrsacanthus cuspidatus

Thyrsacanthus indicus

Thyrsacanthus nitidus

Thyrsacanthus strictus

Trichanthera gigantea

Whitfieldia lateritia

Whitfieldia sp

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