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Actaea japonica

Elements of Structural and Systematic Botany

B and T World Seeds' Botanical Glossary

B and T World Seeds' reference number: 28393

The average, annual, minimum temperature zone where Actaea japonica is cold hardy
USDA Zone:5 -20° to -10°F   (-29° to -23.5°C)
Type of plant - perennial
Flower or inflorescence: WHITE, from PINKISH buds
Foliage: lfts. 5-10cm,1-2 tern., ~pointed...shady woodland plant
Height, in meters: 1
Height, in feet: 3.30
Actaea japonica sales history

Synonyms (alternative names) for Actaea japonica:
Cimicifuga acerina, Cimicifuga japonica, Pityrosperma acerinum, 

Common names for Actaea japonica:

Baneberry,  Dolls Eyes,  Snakeberry,  White Cohosh, 


Actaea japonica is included in the following
B and T World Seeds flowering plant categories.

43:   Herbaceous Border Plant Seed List
44:   Cut flowers Commercial and other Recommended Varieties
50:   Japanese Native and Introduced Plants
131:   Toxic Plants
Some of the deadliest known poisons are found in plants. Some major food plants, eaten by millions of people every day, have toxic parts.
165:   Shady Condition Plant Seed List
587:  Ranunculaceae


Happier and Healthier Plants, Naturally

plant-fungus communities, for improved nutrition, and disease and drought resistance.


Germination guide for Actaea japonica

These notes are a general guide, it is recommended to check specialist literature for some of the more unusual seeds in our lists.
Seed Germination Theory and Practice by Professor Norman C. Deno
Some knowledge about growing from seed is necessary to germinate even the easiest seeds. Most seeds require humidity to germinate, even desert plants like Welwitschia mirabilis require that their growing medium remains moist until germination.

Most seeds require oxygen to germinate, if buried too deep in their growing medium, or if the medium is too wet, the seeds may not get the oxygen they require.
Some seeds need to be in the light (surface sown) or in the dark (sown deep enough to receive little or no light) to germinate. A rule of thumb is to cover the seeds their own width deep in the growing medium, but some seeds prefer to be sown much deeper, and some fairly large seeds like to be surface sown (or higher).
Many seeds germinate best at certain temperatures, some will germinate at a comparatively wide range of temperatures, yet others need fluctuating temperatures.
Almost all seeds are waiting in a dormant state for some outside stimulus to break their dormancy, some just need sufficiently high ambiant humidity, others need scarification, vernalization or to be passed through the intestines of an animal.

Actaea japonica seeds will usually germinate in 30-365 days, even under good conditions germination may be erratic.
Sow Actaea japonica seeds about 1mm deep in a Well drained seed sowing mix at about 15°C.

Actaea japonica seeds need to be "overwintered" before they will germinate.

Stratification; cold treatment or vernalization. Seeds of some species need just a couple of weeks, others 3 months. Seeds can be stratified in dampened peat or sand, in a plastic box or bag at 4°C or 5°C in a refrigerator. The seeds should not be frozen or in a wet medium. Very small seeds can be sown on the surface of their growing medium, in pots sealed in plastic bags, and kept in the 'fridge. Many vernalized seeds need light to germinate when they are sown in the "Spring".
Seed Germination Theory and Practice by Professor Norman C. Deno

(Pre-chill for 6-8 weeks).


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