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Angelica sinensis


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Angelica sinensis

Elements of Structural and Systematic Botany

B and T World Seeds' Botanical Glossary

B and T World Seeds' reference number: 78006

The average, annual, minimum temperature zone where Angelica sinensis is cold hardy
USDA Zone:5 -20° to -10°F   (-29° to -23.5°C)
Type of plant - perennial
Fruit: (germinate in light, cool, -low %)
Height, in meters: 1
Height, in feet: 3.30
Angelica sinensis seeds may be subject to seasonal availability

Synonyms (alternative names) for Angelica sinensis:
Angelica polymorpha ssp sinens, 

Common names for Angelica sinensis:

(TCM:gen.female tonic),  Angelique de Chine,  Chinese Angelica,  Dang gui,  Dong quai,  Tang kuei, 


Angelica sinensis is included in the following
B and T World Seeds flowering plant categories.

34:   Oriental Herb and Vegetable Seed List
Not all Oriental Herbs are Culinary, or even edible. Be sure to correctly identify and prepare all herbs and vegetables before use.
36:   Herb Seed List Culinary Medicinal Dye and Aromatic
Not all medicinal, dye or aromatic plants are edible, some are toxic if eaten and others are dangerous if applied to the skin. Please check uses for plants.
43:   Herbaceous Border Plant Seed List
51:   Chinese Native and Introduced Plants
55:   Fragrant or Aromatic Flower or Foliage Plant Seeds
161:   Edible Flowers
Some flowers are poisonous if not cooked. Some are only edible while in bud. Identify and correctly prepare all flowers before eating. Do not eat flowers that have been sprayed with weedkiller or other chemicals.
169:   Sandy Soil Plant Seed List
185:   Plant Species whose germination is improved by Smoke
"Smoke" contains a butenolide compound produced by certain plants when heated, it speeds up or starts the germination of seeds from many different genera.
231:  Apiaceae
706:  Umbelliferae


Happier and Healthier Plants, Naturally

plant-fungus communities, for improved nutrition, and disease and drought resistance.


Germination guide for Angelica sinensis

These notes are a general guide, it is recommended to check specialist literature for some of the more unusual seeds in our lists.
Seed Germination Theory and Practice by Professor Norman C. Deno
Some knowledge about growing from seed is necessary to germinate even the easiest seeds. Most seeds require humidity to germinate, even desert plants like Welwitschia mirabilis require that their growing medium remains moist until germination.

Most seeds require oxygen to germinate, if buried too deep in their growing medium, or if the medium is too wet, the seeds may not get the oxygen they require.
Some seeds need to be in the light (surface sown) or in the dark (sown deep enough to receive little or no light) to germinate. A rule of thumb is to cover the seeds their own width deep in the growing medium, but some seeds prefer to be sown much deeper, and some fairly large seeds like to be surface sown (or higher).
Many seeds germinate best at certain temperatures, some will germinate at a comparatively wide range of temperatures, yet others need fluctuating temperatures.
Almost all seeds are waiting in a dormant state for some outside stimulus to break their dormancy, some just need sufficiently high ambiant humidity, others need scarification, vernalization or to be passed through the intestines of an animal.

Angelica sinensis seeds will usually germinate in 120 days, even under good conditions germination may be erratic.
Normally germinates in the dark. Sow Angelica sinensis seeds about 5mm deep in a deep, moist, peaty, soil and well-rotted compost seed sowing mix at about 20°C.

Soak Angelica sinensis seeds in warm water for a day and a night, sow just below the surface of a sandy - peaty mix, keep at about 25°C, dark and moist (not damp)

Germinates in the dark under warm damp conditions. Also in cool conditions with light. Alternating between months of cold stratification and warm damp conditions works. Seed should always be stored cold.


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