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Piper nigrum


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Piper nigrum

Elements of Structural and Systematic Botany

B and T World Seeds' Botanical Glossary

B and T World Seeds' reference number: 2105

The average, annual, minimum temperature zone where Piper nigrum is cold hardy
USDA Zone:10 30° to 40°F   (-1° to +4.5°C)
Type of plant - climber
Flower or inflorescence: in 7x1cm. spikes
Fruit: RED, to 5mm. dia., dry BLACK as peppercorn
Foliage: ovate, to 9x6cm.
Height, in meters: 4
Height, in feet: 13.20
Piper nigrum seeds may be subject to seasonal availability

Common names for Piper nigrum:

Black Pepper,  Hu chiao,  Hu jiao,  Karabiber,  Kosho,  Lada Hitam,  Lada Puteh,  Lada Sula,  Madagascar Pepper,  Maricha,  Pepe,  Pepper,  Pfeffer,  Pimenta,  Pimienta,  Poivre,  Poivre blanc,  Poivre noir,  Wei fu chic,  White Pepper,  White Peppercorn, 


Piper nigrum is included in the following
B and T World Seeds flowering plant categories.

31:   House and Container Plant Seed List
36:   Herb Seed List Culinary Medicinal Dye and Aromatic
Not all medicinal, dye or aromatic plants are edible, some are toxic if eaten and others are dangerous if applied to the skin. Please check uses for plants.
38:   Indian Native and Introduced Plants
39:   Climbing Plant Seeds
67:   Philippine Native and Introduced Plants
191:   Tropical Shrubs and Trees
192:   Tropical Commercial Selection Trees Shrubs and Flowers
561:  Piperaceae
699:   Ayurvedic Medicinal Herbs
952:   Wholesale Selection


Happier and Healthier Plants, Naturally

plant-fungus communities, for improved nutrition, and disease and drought resistance.


Germination guide for Piper nigrum

These notes are a general guide, it is recommended to check specialist literature for some of the more unusual seeds in our lists.
Seed Germination Theory and Practice by Professor Norman C. Deno
Some knowledge about growing from seed is necessary to germinate even the easiest seeds. Most seeds require humidity to germinate, even desert plants like Welwitschia mirabilis require that their growing medium remains moist until germination.

Most seeds require oxygen to germinate, if buried too deep in their growing medium, or if the medium is too wet, the seeds may not get the oxygen they require.
Some seeds need to be in the light (surface sown) or in the dark (sown deep enough to receive little or no light) to germinate. A rule of thumb is to cover the seeds their own width deep in the growing medium, but some seeds prefer to be sown much deeper, and some fairly large seeds like to be surface sown (or higher).
Many seeds germinate best at certain temperatures, some will germinate at a comparatively wide range of temperatures, yet others need fluctuating temperatures.
Almost all seeds are waiting in a dormant state for some outside stimulus to break their dormancy, some just need sufficiently high ambiant humidity, others need scarification, vernalization or to be passed through the intestines of an animal.

Piper nigrum seeds will usually germinate in 30 days, even under good conditions germination may be erratic.
Sow Piper nigrum seeds about 3mm deep in a well-drained, moisture retentive (rich in organic matter) seed sowing mix at about 30°C.

Soak for a day in warm water before sowing. Germination averages around 50%. Gibberellic acid can raise germination to 80%.


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