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Solanum americanum


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Solanum americanum

Elements of Structural and Systematic Botany

B and T World Seeds' Botanical Glossary

B and T World Seeds' reference number: 5674

Type of plant - annual
Flower or inflorescence: WHITE to GREENISH, br. YELLOW anthers
Fruit: subglob. BLACK berries in clusters
Foliage: 4-7.5 cm., ovate-cardi., wavy-coarse toothed, toxic
Height, in meters: 1.2
Height, in feet: 3.96
Solanum americanum sales history
Parts of Solanum americanum are considered toxic.

Synonyms (alternative names) for Solanum americanum:
Solanum caribaeum, Solanum nigrum, Solanum nodiflorum, Solanum quadrangiflorum, 

Common names for Solanum americanum:

(tox:contains glycoalkaloids,all green parts toxic,  (tox:solasodine,solamargin),  (tox:WHO Ib-II),  Alaman,  Black Nightshade,  Black Nightshade,  Chichiquelite Huckleberry,  Common Nightshade,  Duscle,  E'Nab Adh Dhib,  E'Nab Ath Tha'Lab,  Enab Adh Dhib,  Enab Ath Thalab,  Enab Ez Zhib,  Erva-Moura,  Gurkamai,  Hierba Mora,  Hound's Berry,  Inu-Hozuki,  Ituzumu,  Kakamachi,  L'Homme,  Lanman,  Lanman Noir,  Lanment,  Lao ya yen ching ts'ao,  Lao ya yen ching tsao,  Lhomme,  Long kui,  Lung k'uei,  Lung kuei,  Makoi,  Manman Lanman,  Morelle Noire,  Morelle noire,  Morete,  Petty Morel,  Poisonberry,  Popolo (Hawaii),  Ranti,  Schwarzer Nachtschatten,  Snakeshade,  Solatro Nero,  Sunberry,  T'ien ch'ieh tzu,  T'ien p'ao ts'ao,  Terong Meranti,  Tien chieh tzu,  Tien pao tsao, 


Solanum americanum is included in the following
B and T World Seeds flowering plant categories.

12:   British Native Wild Flowers Shrubs and Trees
36:   Herb Seed List Culinary Medicinal Dye and Aromatic
Not all medicinal, dye or aromatic plants are edible, some are toxic if eaten and others are dangerous if applied to the skin. Please check uses for plants.
38:   Indian Native and Introduced Plants
53:   Bedding Plant Seed List
70:   Hawaiian Native and Introduced Plants
72:   Russian Native and Introduced Plants (Central)
74:   West Asian Native and Introduced Plants
75:   Natives of Asia Minor and Introductions
77:   Central European Native and Introduced Plants
87:   Natives of Central U.S.A.
113:   East African Native Plant Seed List
120:   Alaskan Native Plant Seed List
131:   Toxic Plants
Some of the deadliest known poisons are found in plants. Some major food plants, eaten by millions of people every day, have toxic parts.
626:  Solanaceae
699:   Ayurvedic Medicinal Herbs
719:   North American Native Ethnobotanicals
Including medicinal, dye, fiber, food, construction, ritual
720:   Fire Resistant Plants
Different classes of resistance: some grow back, some don't burn, a few have highly inflammable leaves that leave the rest of the plant intact, some trees don't have lower branches.


Happier and Healthier Plants, Naturally

plant-fungus communities, for improved nutrition, and disease and drought resistance.


Germination guide for Solanum americanum

These notes are a general guide, it is recommended to check specialist literature for some of the more unusual seeds in our lists.
Seed Germination Theory and Practice by Professor Norman C. Deno
Some knowledge about growing from seed is necessary to germinate even the easiest seeds. Most seeds require humidity to germinate, even desert plants like Welwitschia mirabilis require that their growing medium remains moist until germination.

Most seeds require oxygen to germinate, if buried too deep in their growing medium, or if the medium is too wet, the seeds may not get the oxygen they require.
Some seeds need to be in the light (surface sown) or in the dark (sown deep enough to receive little or no light) to germinate. A rule of thumb is to cover the seeds their own width deep in the growing medium, but some seeds prefer to be sown much deeper, and some fairly large seeds like to be surface sown (or higher).
Many seeds germinate best at certain temperatures, some will germinate at a comparatively wide range of temperatures, yet others need fluctuating temperatures.
Almost all seeds are waiting in a dormant state for some outside stimulus to break their dormancy, some just need sufficiently high ambiant humidity, others need scarification, vernalization or to be passed through the intestines of an animal.

Solanum americanum seeds will usually germinate in 10-21 days, even under good conditions germination may be erratic.
Sow Solanum americanum seeds about 1mm deep in a Peaty seed sowing mix at about 20°C.

Keep the compost slightly moist


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